How to Build a Raised Bed Step-by-Step

, written by Benedict Vanheems gb flag

Raised bed vegetable garden

Spring has sprung - but there's still time to start a raised bed! In this short video and article, we'll demonstrate how easy it is to build a small 4ft x 4ft (1.2m x 1.2m) raised bed from scratch.

For this project we've used two planks of wood that are 8 feet (2.4m) long. By cutting these in half this makes a square bed that is 4 feet (1.2m) long on each side. The advantage of a bed that size is that you can reach the center from all sides of the bed, so that you never have to step on the soil inside the bed. That means the soil never gets compacted, which helps plants to thrive.

Preparing the Ground

Choose an area of your garden that receives plenty of sun. Start by laying cardboard over the area the new bed will occupy. This will help to clear all the grass and weeds beneath.

The first thing you need to do with any cardboard is to remove any tape and staples. That way you'll be starting with nice clean cardboard that will rot down into the soil over time. This step may seem a little tedious, but it really shouldn't take you too long.

Spread your cardboard all over the growing area, including the paths. This will help to suppress weeds, stop grass growing up through, and keep it nice and clean, ready for the compost to go on top. Overlap the cardboard generously to prevent weeds from creeping up through any gaps. Aim for an overlap of about 6 inches (15cm).

Remove any non-biodegradable tape and staples from cardboard before using it as a base for your raised bed

Building a Raised Bed

With the ground covered, it's time to make your raised bed. Lay out a measuring tape along each plank and clearly mark the halfway point with a pencil. Saw both planks in half to create four the four walls to your raised bed, all of equal length.

Next, drill some pilot holes. These will make it easier to screw the walls together. Use a drill bit that's slightly thinner than the screws themselves. One end of each plank will overlap the end of the next and screw directly into it, so position your pilot holes correspondingly. Two holes in each plank is sufficient.

The walls of the bed need to be laid out so that each plank overlaps the next, with the pilot holes located at the overlapping end.

Screw the walls together using long screws so that each wall is properly secured to the next with a snug, close fit.

Overlap the ends of the raised bed walls and screw them together

Raised Bed Finishing Touches

With the walls of the raised bed fixed together, it's time to fill it. Add garden compost to the bed. This will give a nutrient-rich, moisture-retentive layer for roots to grow down into - a sensible move with summer approaching. It also introduces lots of beneficial microorganisms to the soil, which will further enhance plant growth.

The compost may be quite lumpy, so you can mix the compost with enriched topsoil specially formulated for vegetable gardening if you wish. Its fine texture means you can get on with sowing and planting immediately. You could use more of your own garden compost if you prefer, but make sure it's completely decomposed and of fine enough consistency to begin planting.

Finally, fill your raised bed with a mixture of compost and enriched topsoil

You can lay bark chippings directly onto the cardboard between beds to give a neat-and-tidy finish to pathways. Alternatively, cut away excess cardboard from around the raised bed to leave a simple grass path.

Next comes the fun part - sowing and planting! If you're going to create a raised bed this spring, please let us know what you plan to grow in it in the comments sections below.

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Show Comments


"Does the cardboard need to be without any writing? Or for instance, laundry detergent might have a photo of the product super-imposed on the cardboard...not a photo that can be scraped off..."
Harry on Tuesday 17 April 2018
"Hi Harry. Ideally the cardboard needs to be plain - with just writing printed directly onto the cardboard. Avoid cardboard with shiny surfaces or coloured pictures on it - this will consist of the cardboard and then another glossy layer which won't easily decompose. Packing boxes are best, as is cardboard that internet deliveries often arrive in."
Ben Vanheems on Tuesday 17 April 2018
"my raised bed isnt from this year but from lasts year. it is around 15ftx30ft. bad thing is that is on a slope. a bit rough for me since my entire yard is on a slope haha. i just did an experiment with planting at that time. i just literally took about 50 packets of different veggie seeds and just threw them everywhere in the garden . well it actually paid off pretty well! it grew like a dang jungle! i have so many diff. veggies out there right now. just tried a turnip with its greens for the first time yesterday and it just might be my new favorite! i found out that guy i heard about just throwing the seeds everywhere and forget about plant spacing was right. there are NO weeds in the garden because all the veggies are overpowering and are growing stronger than when i spaced them like suggested. i found out to sometimes throw that out the window for some plants. my next experiment will be with tomato plants. i will try to remember to give updates on the progress. i have some good ideas that i think might work very well."
kevin on Saturday 16 March 2019
"Wow Kevin. Throwing your seeds about has clearly paid off for you! Glad you're having so much success. Please do keep us updated."
Ben Vanheems on Monday 18 March 2019

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